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Sunday  13  February 2005

 

Dear Believer,

 

Thank you for all the positive responses on the Bible studies in the last three weeks.

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Remember; 1 Cor 3:8 "So he planting, and he watering, are one, and each one shall receive his own reward according to his own labour".

 

Best regards

Pastor, Dr Cliff  Ferguson   prayer@image.org.za

Image Ministries    http://image.org.za

 

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 The book of 1 Corinthians; Chapter 3

1 Corinthians 3

3:1 And I, brothers, could not speak to you as to spiritual ones, but as to fleshly, as to babes in Christ. 3:2 I have fed you with milk and not with solid food, for you were not yet able to bear it; nor are you able even now.
3:3 For you are yet carnal. For in that there is among you envyings and strife and divisions, are you not carnal, and do you not walk according to men? 3:4 For while one says, I am of Paul; and another, I am of Apollos; are you not carnal?

3:5 Who then is Paul, and who is Apollos, but ministers by whom you believed, even as the Lord gave to each? 3:6 I have planted, Apollos watered, but God gave the increase. 3:7 So then neither is he who plants anything, nor he who waters, but God who gives the increase. 3:8 So he planting, and he watering, are one, and each one shall receive his own reward according to his own labor. 3:9 For of God we are fellow-workers, a field of God, and you are a building of God.

3:10 According to the grace of God which is given to me, as a wise master builder, I have laid the foundation, and another builds on it. But let every man be careful how he builds on it. 3:11 For any other foundation can no one lay than the one being laid, who is Jesus Christ. 3:12 And if anyone builds on this foundation gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble, 3:13 each one's work shall be revealed. For the Day shall declare it, because it shall be revealed by fire; and the fire shall try each one's work as to what kind it is. 3:14 If anyone's work which he built remains, he shall receive a reward. 3:15 If anyone's work shall be burned up, he shall suffer loss. But he shall be saved, yet so as by fire. 3:16 Do you not know that you are a temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwells in you? 3:17 If anyone defiles the temple of God, God shall destroy him. For the temple of God is holy, which you are.

3:18 Let no one deceive himself. If anyone among you seems to be wise in this world, let him become a fool so that he may be wise.
3:19 For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God; for it is written, "He takes the wise in their own craftiness." 3:20 And again, "The Lord knows the thoughts of the wise, that they are vain." 3:21 Therefore let no one glory in men. For all things are yours, 3:22 whether it is Paul, or Apollos, or Cephas, or the world, or life, or death, or things present, or things to come; all are yours, 3:23 and you are Christ's, and Christ is God's.

Scriptural Context 

 

Babies in Christ (1-4):

Paul speaks out to the congregation because he had  evaluated their spiritual maturity. These members are called babes who  are concerned with only the basics of spiritual life. They lack spiritual maturity and cannot understand Christ's calling to divine excellence.

 

Fellow workers in Christ (5-9):

God is the the life giver of which is planted by those who heed their Christian calling. Groupings around the teachers of the time caused conflict because Christians tend to follow the leader who first introduced the gospel of Christ to them. These groupings lead to division and have throughout the history of the Church.

 

Paul compares spiritual leaders to planters and fellow workers in God's field. Each shall receive a reward according to their endeavours. A perspective is given that all pastors, evangelists, missionaries, prophets and teachers are but planting spiritual seed that will grow to be reaped as saved souls for the kingdom of Christ. The amount of Christian following they acquire is not relevant but what they plant and water is.

 

Building a spiritual temple (10-17):

Remembering how important the temple is to the Jews, Paul explains how God has given him a plan for a spiritual temple. The foundation is Jesus Christ. Our spiritual and bodily works build up our own temple and the final product is revealed when we reach heaven.

 

The temple has a purpose, this is to house the Holy Spirit. Our bodies should be kept in good health and we should refrain from habits or acts that go against the Spirit or it's natural purposes. On the day of our salvation the body is returned to God consecrated for good works and kept from sin until we die. Each act of every day is still recorded in heaven which makes good works key to reward. Note; nobody is saved by works, only by the blood of Christ, works, dedication and attitude are merely the means by which God measures spiritual ability and success.

 

On the day of judgement our good and bad will be brought before Jesus and the bad  will be destroyed by fire (wood, hay and stubble) the good, (gold, silver and precious stones) will remain before God so that we can be presented as perfect in Christ. What comes through the fire will be judged for the heavenly reward.

 

The difference (18-23):

Christians work, think and act differently. This difference could work against the strategies and philosophical craftiness of the wise. A Christian is not called for glory among men but for a blissful future in Christ. Divine wisdom is a gift for the saints. Divine thought is in conflict with the occult, secularism, Eastern religion  and humanism.

In context with daily living  

 

Measuring your spiritual maturity:

Modern Christians often expect the Church leader to be the mature ones. Spiritual maturity to them goes as far as how often services are attended, charities are supported and moral standards are upheld. These Christians forget their relationship with Christ and their need for spiritual growth (Eph 4:16; Col 2:19; Heb 6:1).

 

Spiritual babies ask other Christians what God wants and see them as their intercessors. This causes them to be misled by impractical interpretations of situations, tradition and the word of God. Traditions are mere reminders and catalysts for the relationship of the individual with God. Babies should not be concerned with the carnal differences of tradition and dogma but rather with God's love and Spirit of God which brings us to maturity (1Cor 3:1; 1Pet 2:2).

 

The mature are interested in the interpretation of the word for use in their relationship with Christ.  This interpretation is guided by the Holy Spirit. The guidance of the Spirit is a primary factor when hearing God's voice and will most probably be affirmed by two or three witnesses (1Cor 14:20; James 3:2; 2Cor 13:1).

 

The body, a temple of the God:

A phenomenon which is confusing, is the body being the temple of God. Modern philosophies have misled groups by advocating that each human is a god. This is an untruth and a twisted version of what God intended. What is true is that God has allowed his Spirit to dwell in and among the saints (1Cor 8:4 -6; Gal 4:8).

 

The believer's body must be prepared to accommodate the Holy Spirit as a duplicate of the holiest of holies in the traditional Jewish temple (Exodus 26:32-37; 1Kings 6:16-28). The mere fact that God's presence is known to us causes our bodies to function in a way that is pleasing him. Any abuse of the body would be an insult to the Holy Spirit. In turn the Spirit of God would convict the mind of sin so that the individual can be sanctified (2Co 6:16; Eph 2:18-22).

 

Why would I be different to the unsaved?:

A personal encounter with Jesus Christ at repentances causes a rebirth into a new life. This is a denial of the sinful self and an acceptance of selflessness. Not meaning that Christians do not falter, but that the born again adapt their lifestyle to suite God (2Co 5:17; Gal 6:15; Eph 2:15).

 

Children of God:

  • Are committed to God (1John 3:24)

  • Live by the Spirit (1Cor 6:11,20)

  • Avoid temptation (1Cor 10:13; 2Thes 3:3)

  • Pray earnestly (Mark 13:33; 1Cor 14:14)

  • Act on the word of God (Titus 3:8)

  • Live in faith (James 5:15; 1John 5:4)

  • Have nothing to hide (James 5:20)

  • Love their brothers and enemies (Mat 5:43-46; 22:37-39)

  • Are not distracted diversity (Rom 12:4; 1Cor 12:12)

Summary: 1 Corinthians 3

Has four main sections: 

  • 1 Corinthians  (3:1-4)                 Babies in Christ

  • 1 Corinthians  (3:5-9)                 Fellow workers in Christ

  • 1 Corinthians  (3:10-17)            Building a spiritual temple

  • 1 Corinthians  (3:18-23)            The difference

Die boek van 1 Korintiërs Hoofstuk 3

1 Korintiërs 3

3:1 Broers, ek kon met julle nie praat soos met mense wat hulle deur die Gees van God laat lei nie; ek moes praat soos met wêreldse mense, soos met kindertjies in die geloof in Christus.  3:2 Ek het julle met melk gevoed, nie met vaste kos nie, want julle kon dit nog nie verteer nie. En julle kan dit ook nou nog nie verteer nie,  3:3 want julle is nog wêreldse mense. Daar kom jaloesie en twis onder julle voor. Is dit nie omdat julle nog wêrelds is en julle wêrelds gedra nie?  3:4 As een van julle sê: "Ek is vir Paulus," en ‘n ander: "Ek is vir Apollos," is julle dan nie nog wêrelds nie?

3:5 Wat is Apollos dan? Wat is Paulus? Hulle is maar net dienaars deur wie julle tot geloof gekom het, en elkeen doen die werk soos die Here dit vir hom gegee het.  3:6 Ek het geplant, Apollos het natgegooi, maar dit is God wat laat groei het.   3:7 Dit gaan dus nie om die een wat plant of die een wat natgooi nie, maar om God wat laat groei.   3:8 Die een wat plant en die een wat natgooi, staan op gelyke voet: God sal elkeen beloon volgens sy werk.  3:9 Ons is medewerkers in diens van God, en julle is die saailand van God. Julle is ook die gebou van God.

3:10 Volgens die genade wat God my gegee het, het ek soos ‘n goeie bouer die fondament gelê, en ‘n ander bou daarop. Maar hy moet mooi kyk hoe hy verder bou,  3:11 want niemand kan ‘n ander fondament lê as wat reeds gelê is nie. Die fondament is Jesus Christus.  3:12 Of dit goud, silwer, edelstene, hout, gras of strooi is waarmee iemand op die fondament bou,  3:13 elkeen se werk sal aan die lig kom. Die dag wanneer Christus kom, sal dit duidelik word. Die dag kom met vuur, en die vuur sal die gehalte van elkeen se werk toets.  3:14 As iemand se bouwerk bly staan, sal hy beloon word;  3:15 as iemand se werk verbrand, sal hy nie beloon word nie, en tog sal hy self gered word, maar soos iemand wat uit die vuur geruk is.  3:16 Weet julle nie dat julle die tempel van God is en dat die Gees van God in julle woon nie?  3:17 As iemand die tempel van God beskadig, sal God hom straf, want die tempel van God is heilig, en die tempel is julle. 

3:18 Niemand moet homself mislei nie. As een van julle dink dat hy volgens die maatstaf van hierdie wêreld ‘n wyse man is, moet hy dwaas word sodat hy werklik ‘n wyse mens kan word,  3:19 want die wysheid van hierdie wêreld is dwaasheid by God. Daar staan tog geskrywe: "Hy vang die slimmes met hulle eie slinkse planne,"  3:20 en op ‘n ander plek: "Die Here ken die gedagtes van die wyse mense en weet dit beteken niks."  3:21 Daarom moet niemand op mense roem nie. Alles behoort aan julle:  3:22 of dit Paulus of Apollos of Sefas of die wêreld of lewe of dood of hede of toekoms is, alles behoort aan julle,  3:23 maar julle behoort aan Christus en Christus aan God.

Skriftuurlike inhoud

 

Klein kinders in Christus(1-4):

Paulus spreek homself teenoor die Christene uit nadat hy hul geestelike volwassenheid geëvalueer het.  Hulle word klein kinders genoem omdat dit vir hulle slegs oor die basiese aspekte van 'n geestelike lewe gaan.  Hulle beskik nog nie oor genoeg geestelike volwassenheid om Christus se roepe tot goddelike uitmuntenheid te verstaan nie.

 

Medewerkers in Christus (5-9):

God is die lewegewer van wie geplant is deur hulle wat aandag gee aan hul Christelike roeping.  Groeperings onder die fasiliteerders van die tyd veroorsaak konflik omdat Christene neig om diegene te volg wat hulle eerste aan die evangelie van Christus voorgestel het.  Hierdie groeperinge lei tot verdeeltheid wat ons ook opmerk regdeur die geskiedenis van die kerk.

 

Paulus vergelyk geestelike leiers met planters en medewerkers in God se land.  Elkeen sal 'n beloning ontvang volgens sy poging.  Die persepsie is dat alle pastore, evangeliste, sendelinge, profete en onderwysers die geestelike saad plant wat sal groei en geoes sal word wanneer siele gered word vir die koninkryk van Christus.  Dit is nie die hoeveelheid Christene wat ter sprake is nie maar wel wat hulle geplant en water gegee het.

 

Bou van 'n geestelike tempel (10-17):

Omdat Paulus besef hoe belangrik die tempel vir die Jode is verduidelik hy aan hulle hoe God aan hom 'n plan vir 'n geestelike tempel gegee het.  Ons geestelike en fisiese werke bou ons eie tempel en die eindproduk is van belang wanneer ons by die poorte van die hemel kom.

 

Die tempel se doel is om die Heilige Gees te huisves.  Ons moet ons liggame oppas.  Ons moet waak teen gewoontes en dade wat teen die Gees en Sy natuurlike bedoeling is.  Die oomblik wat ons gered word behoort ons liggaam weer aan God en word dit van sonde weerhou en konsentreer op goeie dade tot ons sterfdag toe.  Elke dag se dade word steeds opgeteken in die hemel en goeie dade is die sleutel vir beloning.  Neem kennis niemand word deur sy dade gered nie maar selgs deur die bloed van Christus.  Werke, toegewydheid en houding is slegs dinge waaraan God geestelike bekwaamheid en sukses meet.

 

Op die oordeelsdag kom ons met ons goed en selg voor Jesus.  Die slegte (hout, hooi en stoppels) sal deur vuur vernietig word.  Die goeie (goud, silwer en edelstene) sal oorbly sodat ons as volmaak deur Christus aan God voorgestel kan word.  Dit wat deur die vuur gelouter is sal geoordeel word vir 'n hemelse beloning.

 

Die verskil (18-23):

Christene werk dink en doen verskillend.  Hierdie verskil kan teen die strategie en filosofiese slimheid van die wyses werk.  'n Christen word nie geroep vir glorie by mense nie maar vir 'n geluksalige toekoms in Christus.  Goddelike wysheid is 'n geskenk aan die heiliges.  Goddelike denke is in konflik met die okkulte, sekularisme, Oosterse godsdiens en humanisme.

In ooreenstemming met ons daaglikse lewe 

 

Meet jou geestelike volwassenheid:

Moderne Christene verwag dikwels van die kerkleiers om die geestelike volwassenes te wees. Volwassenheid gaan vir hulle oor hoe dikwels hulle kerkdienste bywoon, naastediens en morele standaarde.  Kerklidmate vergeet soms dat hul moet strewe na geestelike groei in 'n verhouding met Christus(Efs 4:16; Kol 2:19; Heb 6:1).

 

Geestelike klein kinders vra aan ander Christene wat God se wil is en sien hulle as bemiddelaars.  Hierdeur word hulle mislei onpraktiese verklarings van situasies, tradisies en die woord van God.  Tradisies is selgs herinneringe en katalisator vir die verhouding van die individu met God.  Klein kinders moet nie met vleeslike verskille van tradisies en dogma vermoei word nie maar eerder met die liefde en Gees van God na volwassenheid gelei word  (1Kor 3:1; 1Pet 2:2).

 

Die volwassene is geïntereseerd in die interpretasie van die woord vir gebruik in hul verhouding met Christus.  Die Heilige Gees lei hierdie interpretasie.  Die leiding van die Heilige Gees is 'n primêre faktor wanneer God se stem gehoor word en sal heel moontlik deur twee of drie getuies bevestig word (1Kor 14:20; Jak 3:2; 2Kor 13:1).

 

Die liggaam, 'n tempel van God:

'n Verskynsel dat die liggaam die tempel van God is, is verwarrend.  Moderne filosofië het al groepe mislei deur te verkondig dat elke mens 'n god is.  Dit is 'n vals en verdraaide weergawe van God se bedoeling.  Die waarheid is dat God Sy Gees toelaat om binne en tussen die heiliges te woon  (1Kor 8:4 -6; Gal 4:8).

 

Die gelowige se liggaam moet voorberei word om die Heilige Gees, 'n duplikaat van die heiligste van heiliges in die Joodse tempel, te huisves. (Eks 26:32-37; 1Kon 6:16-28). Net die feit dat God teenwoordig is veroorsaak dat ons liggame so funksioneer dat God dit goedkeur.  Enige mishandeling van die liggaam is 'n belediging vir die Heilige Gees.  Daarinteen sal God die verstandelike sonde veroordeel sodat die individu gereinig kan word  (2Kor 6:16; Efs 2:18-22).

 

Hoekom sal ek anders wees as die ongeredde?:

'n Persoonlike ontmoeting met Jesus Christus en berou het wedergeboorte en 'n nuwe lewe tot gevolg.  Dit is om die sondige self te (mis) ontken en onselfsugtigheid te aanvaar.  Dit beteken nie dat Christene nie fouteer nie maar dat wedergeborenes hul lewensstyl so wysig dat dit God tevrede stel  (2Kor 5:17; Gal 6:15; Efs 2:15).

 

Kinders van God:

  • Is aan God verbind  (1Joh 3:24)

  • Lewe volgens die Gees  (1Kor 6:11,20)

  • Vermy versoekinge  (1Kor 10:13; 2Thes 3:3)

  • Bid ernstig  (Mark 13:33; 1Kor 14:14)

  • Handel volgens die woord van God  (Tit 3:8)

  • Lewe in geloof  (Jak5:15; 1Joh 5:4)

  • Het niks om weg te steek nie  (Jak 5:20)

  • Is lief vir hulle vriende en vyande  (Mat 5:43-46; 22:37-39)

  • Word nie deur verskeidenheid verwar nie  (Rom 12:4; 1Kor 12:12)

Bibliography

Stassen, D. 2005(d). Jou verhouding met God is die sleutel tot saligheid. Montana: Shalomaanbiddingsentrum.

Van Wyk P. & Ferguson S.D. 2005. Afikaanse vertaling van 1 Korinthiërs 3 Centurion. Image Ministries.

Fosloo, W. & van Rensburg, F.J. 1999. Die Bybelmellenium eenvolumekomentaar. Goodwood: Christelike Uigewersmaatskapy Vereniging.

Die Bybel, 1933. Bybelgenootskap van Suid Afrika: Sewende uitgawe (Naslaan) 1996 (Herset) Tweede druk 1998. Goodwood: Nasionale boekdrukkery

Hayford, J.W. (eds.) 1991. The Spirit Filled Bible. USA: Thomas Nelson inc.

Henry, M. 1706. Matthew Henry's Commentary on the Whole Bible: complete and unabridged in one volume. Twelfth Printing 2001. USA: Hendrickson Publishers.

Jerome, AD 350 - 520. The New Jerome Bible handbook. First published 1992. Norfolk: The Barth Press.

Louw, J.P. & Nida, E.A. (eds) 1993. Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament based on the Semantic domains. Volume 1. Goodwood: Bible Society of South Afrika

Louw, J.P. & Nida, E.A. (eds) 1993. Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament based on the Semantic domains. Volume 2. Goodwood: Bible Society of South Afrika

Strong, J. 2000. The New Strong's Concise dictionary of Bible words. Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers

Deist, F. 1985. A concise dictionary of theological related terms. Hatfield: J.L. van Schaik

Meyers, R. 2000. E-Sword; Equipping Ministries Foundation. USA: E-Sword Bible software. Shareware.

 

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