Sunday  3 October 2004


Dear Believer,


I had a very interesting experience in  Lesotho this week where I was inspired by an early morning service in a shopping mall of Maseru. Most of the shopping mall's employees attended the meeting and on closing with prayer all went off to work singing and rejoicing in the Lord. This was a joyous occasion for them, imagine if we all sang out loud and rejoiced on the way to work? I  believe this can cause spiritual, financial and physical success in a working environment.


Please feel free to use these studies in care groups, Bible studies and at home for spiritual enrichment.


Remember; Overcoming my past and believing in God's  is key to salvation in Christ.


Best regards

Pastor, Dr Cliff  Ferguson

Image Ministries

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 The book of 1 John; Chapter 5

1 John Chapter 5

1John 5:1 Everyone believing that Jesus is the Christ has been generated from God. And everyone who loves Him who begets also loves the one who has been born of Him.  5:2 By this we know that we love the children of God: when we love God and keep His commandments.  5:3 For this is the love of God, that we keep His commandments; and His commandments are not heavy. 5:4 Because everything having been born of God overcomes the world, and this is the victory overcoming the world, our faith.  5:5 Who is the one overcoming the world except the one who believes that Jesus is the Son of God?

5:6 This is the One coming through water and blood, Jesus Christ; not by the water only, but by the water and the blood. And the Spirit is the One witnessing, because the Spirit is the truth. 5:7 For there are three bearing witness in Heaven: the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit; and these three are one. 5:8 And there are three who bear witness on the earth: The Spirit, and the water, and the blood; and the three are to the one. 5:9 If we receive the witness of men, the witness of God is greater; because this is the witness of God which He has witnessed about His Son: 5:10 The one believing in the Son of God has the witness in himself. The one not believing God has made Him a liar, because he has not believed in the witness which God has witnessed concerning His Son. 5:11 And this is the witness: that God gave us everlasting life, and this life is in His Son. 5:12 The one having the Son has life. The one not having the Son of God does not have life. 5:13 I wrote these things to you, the ones believing in the name of the Son of God, that you may know that you have everlasting life, and that you may believe in the name of the Son of God.

5:14 And this is the confidence we have toward Him, that if we ask anything according to His will, He hears us. 5:15 And if we know that He hears us, whatever we ask, we know that we have the requests which we have asked from Him. 5:16 If anyone sees his brother sinning a sin not unto death, he shall ask; and He shall give life to him, to the ones not sinning unto death. There is a sin unto death. I do not say that he should ask about that. 5:17 All unrighteousness is sin, and there is a sin not unto death.

5:18 We know that everyone being generated from God does not sin, but the one having been generated from God keeps himself, and the evil one does not touch him. 5:19 We know that we are of God, and the whole world lies in the evil. 5:20 And we know that the Son of God has come, and He has given to us an understanding that we may know the true One, and we are in the true One, in His Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God and the life everlasting. 5:21 Little children, guard yourselves from idols. Amen. .

Scriptural Context 


In Chapter 5 the apostle has five main objectives in his explanations; dignity of Christ, the believer's victory, advantages of faith and prayer, the true knowledge of God and fleeing from idol worship.


(5:1-5) Overcoming the world in Christ

The author sets out with a statement commending those who believe that Christ is the Son or offspring of God. This is linked to John 1:1. The love of God is proclaimed through the dignity of Christ who left us but two commandments for association  (Matt 22:37-40) and one great commandment of multiplication (Matt. 28:19-20).


These commandments overcome the lusts and darkness of the world without a complex  homage, sacrifice or mediation. The great commandment looks after the discipleship and manages the cause of Christianity. Christ is our sacrifice and our defence. Our victory over sin and the adversary is through Christ who washed us in his blood.


(5:6-13) Salvation by water and blood

The Trinity is described in this passage as the witness to Christ as the saviour. The divine mission was fulfilled both by the water and the blood. The Biblical analysts differ  on the Johannine references to water; these are the three possibilities:

  • The Birth of Jesus (water at birth)

  • The baptism with water

  • The washing of the feet of the disciples with water

These are all symbolic and refer to the cleansing of that which is unclean. The reference to the blood is quite clear:

  • Christ's blood shed on the way to Calvary

  • Christ's blood shed on Calvary

  • The washing of sins through the ultimate sacrificial Lamb.

The Holy Spirit then bearing witness to the cleansing of the human souls by both water and blood (John 14:17; 15:26; 16:13; 1John 3:24; 4:13). Jesus was the sacrifice for our sins, and we declare this through the baptism at repentance. Christ becomes the mediator between God and human from the moment of salvation onwards. This in turn leads to the gift of eternal life for every believer (John 3:14-16).


(5:14-17) Prayer and faith

Prayer is the intimate confidence we as believers have so that we know we may address the Godhead at any time. If we know we are children of the living God, we also have the confidence to approach God without fear with any of our problems or calamities. If we pray with faith; this is a faith of knowledge, God will answer.


In verse 16 prayer is linked to those who sin, in this case sin which does not account to crime. We are reminded of the second commandment, and in love we then go to God in prayer and pray for those who have sinned. This means we intercede for the weaknesses of others without outright offence or discussing it with others.


(5:18-21) Five Christian facts

  • We know that everyone being generated from God does not sin

  • We know that we are of God

  • We know that the Son of God has come

  • We are in the true One, in His Son Jesus Christ

  • This is the true God and the life everlasting

The Apostle closes 1 John with a very explicit warning; "guard yourselves from idols", this encapsulates the full context of idolatry.


In context with daily living  


Overcoming the world around us:

When salvation occurs a treaty is signed by the believer against sin. This calls for a change in our ways, thoughts, deeds and desires. The change is often in contradiction to our world and because we may not partake in certain activities we could offend those who do not know Christ (Titus 2:12; 1Tim 1:15; 3:16; 6:7; Col 1:6; 2:8; Eph 1:21; 2:2;2:12; Gal 1:4; 2 Cor 4:4; 5:19; 7:10).


We are called to be an example in being sinless and selfless. When those in the world see the example the offence is replaced by respect. Respect does not come form Bible punching and preaching, but originates from what is observed in us. Overcoming the world is thus:

  • Overcoming sin in our own lives

  • Being an example to those around us

  • Living by the Word in selflessness

  • Being led by the Holy Spirit

  • Proclaiming God's love in word and deed

  • Making disciples of Christ

Overcoming depression:

Overcoming the world is often overcoming ourselves first. This is through the Holy Spirit that teaches, leads and strengthens our spirits and renews our minds. Depression is linked to our world view, faithlessness and self image. The renewed mind is key to the way we perceive the world and ourselves. If God's Spirit changes our perception and we revive our faith depression is removed (1 Cor 6:19; 9:13; Eph 1:13; 1Thes 1:6).


Overcoming the past:

The principal struggle most Christians have is overcoming the negativity of their past. These negativities have far reaching consequences which lead to anger and depression. The past needs to be perceived by us as "washed away" by the blood and water. This then through the blood of Christ in the baptism of repentance (Col 1:14; 20; Eph 1:7; 2:8; 3:12; 6:12; Heb 2:14; 9:7-25; 1 John 2:15; 3:1).


Salvation is not only momentous but also eternal, not only a freedom of ones own sins but also of those who have sinned against us. God's intention with salvation was to free his children from the guilt of the past. If God then frees us from our guilt we too have to free others of theirs. Salvation is thus an ongoing exercise of being free and freeing others of guilt.


The Father, Son and Holy Spirit bear witness of our salvation both on earth and in heaven. Our vertical channel to God is through Christ, our mediator. Our vertical channel from God is through the Holy Spirit our teacher. The trinity is also witness to the promise of eternal life.


Unanswered prayer and my faith:

Prayer is linked directly to faith and confidence. There are also two types of prayer; a want or desire and a specific need. The question we have is does God listen to the prayers about our wants or desires or does he only listen to our needs. The question should be answered in two ways (Mar 9:29; 11:24; Matt 21:22; Jam 5:16; 1Pet 3:12; Col 4:2; Phil 1:19; 4:6; Eph 6:18):

  • Firstly; our wants and desires are as important to God as our needs, but these need to fit his will. God will give us what we ask but we don't serve a God which "grants wishes". God is very specific in his will for us, we however are not consistent in what and how we pray. If our wants exclude God we are outside of the bounds of faith.

  • Secondly; our needs and despairs can be heard and answered by God immediately. The but lies in our the faith and confidence in God. God acts on our confident knowledge that he can and will give us what we require to overcome our problems. If we start making alternate arrangements, in case God does not hear, we are not praying in faith. God does not answer faithless prayer.

Am I my brother's keeper?

Christians have the obligation to look after one another just as God the Father looks after us.  This includes watching and praying over one another so that we do not fall into sin. Sin in this context can be small, even wrongly offending another. We are called to guardianship of the kingdom (Heb 6:10; 10:24; 1Pet 4:8; 1 John 2:5; 3:16).

 Die boek van 1 Johannes Hoofstuk 5

1 Johannes  Hoofstuk 5

1Joh 5:1 Elkeen wat glo dat Jesus die Christus is, is uit God gebore; en elkeen wat die Vader liefhet, het ook die een lief wat uit Hom gebore is.  5:2 Hieraan weet ons dat ons die kinders van God liefhet: wanneer ons God liefhet en sy gebooie bewaar.  5:3 Want dit is die liefde tot God, dat ons sy gebooie bewaar; en sy gebooie is nie swaar nie.5:4 Want alles wat uit God gebore is, oorwin die węreld; en dit is die oorwinning wat die węreld oorwin het, naamlik ons geloof.  5:5 Wie anders is dit wat die węreld oorwin as hy wat glo dat Jesus die Seun van God is?

5:6 Dit is Hy wat deur water en bloed gekom het, Jesus die Christus; nie deur die water alleen nie, maar deur die water en die bloed; en dit is die Gees wat getuig, want die Gees is die waarheid.   5:7 Want daar is drie wat getuig in die hemel: die Vader, die Woord en die Heilige Gees, en hierdie drie is een;  5:8 en daar is drie wat getuig op die aarde: die Gees en die water en die bloed, en die drie is eenstemmig.  5:9 As ons die getuienis van die mense aanneem—die getuienis van God is groter, omdat dit die getuienis is van God wat Hy aangaande sy Seun getuig het.  5:10 Wie in die Seun van God glo, het die getuienis in homself. Hy wat God nie glo nie, het Hom tot leuenaar gemaak, omdat hy die getuienis nie geglo het wat God aangaande sy Seun getuig het nie.  5:11 En dit is die getuienis: dat God ons die ewige lewe gegee het, en dié lewe is in sy Seun.  5:12 Hy wat die Seun het, het die lewe; wie die Seun van God nie het nie, het nie die lewe nie.  5:13 Dit het ek geskrywe aan julle wat glo in die Naam van die Seun van God, sodat julle kan weet dat julle die ewige lewe het en kan glo in die Naam van die Seun van God.

5:14 En dit is die vrymoedigheid wat ons teenoor Hom het, dat Hy ons verhoor as ons iets vra volgens sy wil.  5:15 En as ons weet dat Hy ons verhoor, dan weet ons dat, wat ons ook al vra, ons die bedes verkry wat ons van Hom gevra het.  5:16 As iemand sy broeder ‘n sonde sien doen wat nie tot die dood is nie, moet hy bid, en Hy sal hom die lewe gee—vir die wat nie ‘n sonde tot die dood doen nie. Daar is ‘n sonde tot die dood; daarvoor sę ek nie dat hy moet bid nie.  5:17 Alle ongeregtigheid is sonde, en daar is ‘n sonde wat nie tot die dood is nie. 

5:18 Ons weet dat elkeen wat uit God gebore is, nie sondig nie; maar hy wat uit God gebore is, bewaar homself, en die Bose het geen vat op hom nie.  5:19 Ons weet dat ons uit God is en die hele węreld in die mag van die Bose lę.  5:20 En ons weet dat die Seun van God gekom het en ons verstand gegee het om die Waaragtige te ken; en ons is in die Waaragtige, in sy Seun, Jesus Christus. Hy is die waaragtige God en die ewige lewe.  5:21 My kinders, bewaar julleself van die afgode. Amen.

Skriftuurlike inhoud


In hoofstuk vyf verduidelik die apostel vyf hoof gedagtes;  Waardigheid in Christus, die gelowige se oorwinning, geloof en gebed se voordele, die ware kennis van God en om geen afgode te aanbid nie.


(5:1-5) Oorwin die węreld deur Christus

Die skrywer begin deur 'n verklaring aan die wat glo dat Christus die Seun van God is, of Sy Kind, aan te prys.  God se liefde word aan ons bevestig deur die twee gebooie wat Christus aan ons agterlaat  (Matt 22:37-40). Hiermee saam ook die Groot gebod om Sy woord aan alle nasies te verkondig (Matt. 28:19-20).


Deur hierdie gebooie te onderhou kan ons die versoekinge en donkerte van die węreld oorkom sonder 'n ingewikkelde eerbetoning, opoffering of meditasie.  Die groot gebod bewaar die dissipelskap en hou die Christendom op koers.  Ons oorwin die sonde en die vyand deur die bloed van Christus waarmee ons vrygekoop is.


(5:6-13) Verlossing deur water en bloed

In hierdie hoofstuk word die Drie-eenheid beskryf as die getuie van Christus as die verlosser.  Die goddelike doel word volbring deur die water en die bloed.  Die Bybelse analistici verskil van die Johannine verwysing na water;  Hierdie is drie moontlikhede:

  • Die geboorte van Jesus (water by geboorte)

  • Doping met water

  • Was van die dissipels se voete met water

Hierdie is alles simbolies en verwys na die reiniging van dit wat vuil is.  Die verwysing na die bloed is egter baie duidelik:

  • Christus se bloedvergieting op pad na Golgota

  • Christus se bloedvergieting op Golgota

  • Die afwassing van sonde deur die bloed van die grootste geofferde Lam

Die Heilige Gees getuig dus van die reiniging van die menslike siel beide deur die water en bloed (Joh 14:17; 15:26; 16:13; 1Joh 3:24; 4:13). Ons bevestig dat Jesus vir ons sondes geoffer is deur gedoop te word nadat ons berou het oor ons sondes.  Vanaf die oomblik van verlossing word Christus die Middelaar tussen God en die mens.  Dit lei dan na die gawe van die ewige lewe vir elke gelowige (Joh 3:14-16).


(5:14-17) Gebed en geloof

Gebed is die innerlike vertroue waaroor ons as gelowiges beskik, sodat ons weet ons kan te enige tyd na die Godheid wend.  Ons weet dat ons kinders van 'n Lewende God is.  Daarom kan ons met 'n vreeslose vertroue na Hom gaan met al ons probleme en teenspoed.  Wanneer ons in geloof bid, (geloof met kennis) sal God antwoord.


In vers sestien word gebod verbind met die wat sondig.  In hierdie geval sonde wat nie as doodsonde gereken word nie.  Ons word herinner aan die tweede gebod.  Daarom bid ons in liefde vir diegene wat gesondig het.  Dit beteken dat ons instaan vir mekaar se swakhede sonder om openlik aanstoot te gee of om dit met ander te bespreek.


(5:18-21) Vyf Christelike feite

  • Ons weet dat elkeen wat deur God tot lewe geroep is nie sonde doen nie

  • Ons weet dat ons kinders van God is

  • Ons weet dat God se Seun gekom het

  • Ons is in die ware Een,  is Sy Seun Jesus Christus

  • Dit is die ware God en die ewige-lewe

Die apostel sluit 1 Joh af met 'n baie duidelike waarskuwing:  "bewaar julself van die afgode" (1Joh 5:21).  Dit omsluit die volle implikasie van afgodery.

In ooreenstemming met die daaglikse lewe


Om die węreld om ons te oorwin:

Wanneer verlossing plaasvind teken die gelowige 'n ooreenkoms teen sonde.  Dit vra 'n verandering in ons weë, gedagtes, dade en begeertes.  Hierdie verandering is dikwels in kontras met die węreld.  Ons mag aan sekere aktiwiteite nie deel hę nie en dit mag diegene wat God nie ken nie te na kom (Titus 2:12; 1Tim 1:15; 3:16; 6:7; Kol 1:6; 2:8; Eff 1:21; 2:2;2:12; Gal 1:4; 2 Cor 4:4; 5:19; 7:10).


Dit word van ons verwag om 'n voorbeeld van sendeloosheid en onselfsugtigheid te wees.  Wanneer die węreldlinge wat voel dat hulle te na gekom is hierdie voorbeeld sien, dwing ons respek af.  Ons kan nie iemand se respek verkry deur hom met die Bybel te bombardeer nie, maar wel deur dit wat gesien word in ons lewenswyse.  Om die węreld te oorwin is dus:

  • Om sonde in ons eie lewens te oorwin

  • Om 'n voorbeeld vir diegene om ons te wees

  • Om onselfsugtig te lewe volgens die Woord

  • Om deur die Heilige Gees gelei te word

  • Om dissipels vir Christus te werf

  • Om God se liefde in woord en daad te proklameer

Oorwin depressie:

Om die węreld te oorwin moet ons dikwels eers onsself oorwin.  Dit geskied deur die Hielige Gees wat ons leer, lei, ons gees versterk en ons verstand vernuwe.  Depressie hou verband met ons sienning van die węreld, ons selfbeeld en ongelowigheid.  Met 'n versterkte verstand kan ons onsself en die węreld in 'n ander hoedanigheid waarneem.  Wanneer God se Gees ons perspektief varander het en ons geloof versterk het, verdwyn depressie (1 Kor 6:19; 9:13; Eff 1:13; 1Thes 1:6).


Oorwinning oor die verlede:

Die belangrikste stryd vir Christene is om die negatiewe uit die verlede te oorwin.  Hierdie negatiwiteit is verreikend en het woede en depressie tot gevolg.  Ons moet begryp dat ons verlede deur die bloed en water weggewas word.  Wanneer ons berou het geskied dit deur die doping in die bloed van Christus (Kol 1:14; 20; Eff 1:7; 2:8; 3:12; 6:12; Heb 2:14; 9:7-25; 1 Joh 2:15; 3:1).


Verlossing is nie selgs momenteel nie maar ook ewigdurend.  Ons word nie slegs van ons eie sondes bevry nie maar ook diegene wat teen ons gesondig het.  God se doel met verlossing was om Sy kinders van die skuld van die verlede te bevry.  Wanneer God ons dan ons sondes vergewe, moet ons ook hulle wat teen ons gesondig het vergewe.  Verlossing is dus 'n aanhoudende aksie van vergifnis en om ander te vergewe.


Die Vader Seun en Heilige Gees is getuie van ons verlossing op aarde sowel as in die hemel.  Ons vertikale verbinding tot God is deur Christus ons Middelaar.  God se vertikale verbinding na ons is deur die Heilige Gees ons mentor.  Die Drie-eenheid is ook getuie van ons belofte vir 'n ewige lewe.


Onbeantwoorde gebede en my geloof:

Gebed word direk verbind met geloof en vertroue.  Daar is twee soorte gebede - 'n wil hę of begeerte gebed, en 'n noodgebed vir 'n spesifieke behoefte.  Die vraag is nou:  luister God na ons begeertes of luister Hy slegs na ons behoeftes.  Hierdie vraag kan op twee maniere beantwoord word (Mar 9:29; 11:24; Matt 21:22; Jak 5:16; 1Pet 3:12; Kol 4:2; Fil 1:19; 4:6; Eff 6:18).

  • Eerstens : Ons wense en begeertes is vir God net so belangrik soos ons behoeftes.  Voldoen dit egter aan Sy wil.  God sal aan ons gee wat ons vra solank ons net besef dat ons nie 'n God dien wat "wense bewaarheid" nie.  God is baie pertinet in Sy wil vir ons.  Ons daarinteen is nie baie konsekwent in hoe en vir wat ons bid nie.  Wanneer ons begeertes God uitsluit beweeg ons buite die grense van geloof.

  • Tweedens :  Ons behoeftes en "wanhoop" kan onmidddelik deur God gehoor en beantwoord word.  Dit hang egter af van ons geloof en vertroue wat ons in God stel.  God handel op ons kennis en vertroue dat Hy aan ons dit wat ons nodig het, om ons probleem te oorkom, sal en wil gee.  Wanneer ons begin om alternatiewe planne te maak vir ingeval God ons nie hoor nie, bid ons nie in geloof nie.  God beantwoord nie gebede in ongeloof nie.

Is ek my broer se oppasser?

Net soos God die Vader na ons omsien word van Christene verwag om na mekaar om te sien.  Dit sluit in dat ons oor mekaar sal waak en vir mekaar bid om nie in sonde te verval nie.  In hierdie geval is sonde klein, selfs om verkeerd teenoor mekaar op te tree.  Ons is geroepe tot voogdyskap van die Koninkryk (Heb 6:10; 10:24; 1Pet 4:8; 1 Joh 2:5; 3:16).

Summary: 1 John 5

Has four main sections: 

  • 1 John (5:1-5)            Overcoming the world in Christ

  • 1 John (5:6-13)          Salvation by water and blood

  • 1 John (5:14-17)        Prayer and faith

  • 1 John (5:18-21)        Five Christian facts


van Wyk P.L. & Ferguson S.D. 2004. 1 Johannes 5 weekstudie, vertaling. Pretoria: Image Ministries.

Fosloo, W. & van Rensburg, F.J. 1999. Die Bybelmellenium eenvolumekomentaar. Goodwood: Christelike Uigewersmaatskapy Vereniging.

Die Bybel, 1933. Bybelgenootskap van Suid Afrika: Sewende uitgawe (Naslaan) 1996 (Herset) Tweede druk 1998. Goodwood: Nasionale boekdrukkery

Hayford, J.W. (eds.) 1991. The Spirit Filled Bible. USA: Thomas Nelson inc.

Henry, M. 1706. Matthew Henry's Commentary on the Whole Bible: complete and unabridged in one volume. Twelfth Printing 2001. USA: Hendrickson Publishers.

Jerome, AD 350 - 520. The New Jerome Bible handbook. First published 1992. Norfolk: The Barth Press.

Louw, J.P. & Nida, E.A. (eds) 1993. Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament based on the Semantic domains. Volume 1. Goodwood: Bible Society of South Afrika

Louw, J.P. & Nida, E.A. (eds) 1993. Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament based on the Semantic domains. Volume 2. Goodwood: Bible Society of South Afrika

Strong, J. 2000. The New Strong's Concise dictionary of Bible words. Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers

Deist, F. 1985. A concise dictionary of theological related terms. Hatfield: J.L. van Schaik

Meyers, R. 2000. E-Sword; Equipping Ministries Foundation. USA: E-Sword Bible software. Shareware.


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