Sunday 24  October 2004

 

Dear Believer,

 

We have skipped one week as a result of upgrades to our Internet firewall and Virus protection, we will endeavor to ascertain virus protection on all our systems and mails. We wish Dr Deon Stassen of Shalom worship centre Pretoria a happy birthday for the 25th of October. The year is approaching its close and we look forward to new challenges in 2005.

 

Please feel free to use these studies in care groups, Bible studies and at home for spiritual enrichment.

 

Remember; Seek first the kingdom of God and His righteousness, and all these things will be added to you. Matt 6:33

 

Best regards

Pastor, Dr Cliff  Ferguson   prayer@image.org.za

Image Ministries    http://image.org.za

 The book of 3 John; Chapter 1

3 John 1

3John 1:1 The elder to Gaius the beloved, whom I love in truth. 1:2 Beloved, in regard to all things, I pray for you to prosper and to be in health, as your soul prospers. 1:3 For I rejoiced greatly at the coming of the brothers, also bearing witness of you in the truth, as you walk in truth.

1:4 I have no greater joy than these things, that I hear my children are walking in truth. 1:5 Beloved, you do faithfully whatever you work for the brothers and for the strangers, 1:6 who in love bore witness of you before the assembly, whom you will do well to send forward worthily of God. 1:7 For on behalf of His name they went out, taking nothing from the nations. 1:8 Therefore, we ought to entertain such men, that we may become co-workers in the truth.

1:9 I wrote to the assembly, but he loving to be first of them, Diotrephes, does not receive us. 1:10 Because of this, if I come, I will recall his works which he does, ranting against us with evil words. And not being satisfied with these, neither does he receive the brothers; and those intending it he prevents, and thrusts them out from the assembly. 1:11 Beloved, do not imitate the bad, but the good. The one doing good is of God; but the one doing bad has not seen God.  1:12 Witness has been borne to Demetrius by all, and by the truth itself. And we also bear witness, and you know that our witness is true. 

 1:13 I had many things to write, but I do not desire to write by means of pen and ink. 1:14 But I am hoping to see you at once, and we will speak mouth to mouth. Peace to you. The friends greet you. Greet the friends by name.

Scriptural Context 

 

3 John is a letter written to the apostle's friend Gaius in about AD. 90. He complains about a certain minister and encourages charity and hospitality for the missionaries.

 

(1:1-3) Salutation

The author starts off with a prayer for the health of his friend. This is followed by commendations for the adherence to the truth and for his hospitality. Reference is made to the sound doctrine of Christ which is followed by Gaius.

 

(1:4-8) Walking in truth

Walking in truth has a direct link with how hospitable we are toward strangers. The love we show those we do not know makes us worthy stewards of God's kingdom. An evangelist or missionary is a co-worker in the kingdom of Christ and requires Christian hospitality. Refer to Jesus when he sent his disciples out to evangelise, he expected his disciples to be received and treated well in the towns and houses they visited. If they were not treated as such Jesus gave them authority to curse the town (Matt 10:14; Mark 6:1; Luke 9:5).

 

(1:9-12) Concerns about heretics

Diotrephes, a pastor,  did not regard  it necessary to be hospitable to outside evangelists and even spoke maliciously of them. This pastor was regarded a heretic by John. The author is of the opinion that those who do and speak evil are not from God. He requests that the missionaries be cared for while on journey from one area to another.  Part of Christian living caring for those who do God's work as their occupation.

 

(1:13-14) Farewell greeting 

In closing Gaius is called to be observant of witnessing the truth. As much more could be written the author prefers to visit his friend Gaius so that spiritual discussion can take place. He greets all those he identifies with.

In context with daily living  

 

Hospitality:

Being hospitable and friendly to a loved one or friend is easy and comes naturally. Doing the same with a stranger is classed as unnecessary effort by many. A Christian has a responsibility toward his loved ones and those he does not know. Hospitality may be related to charity but giving to charity cannot replace a friendly smile, a warm welcome or cup of coffee. Hospitality is a Christian responsibility (Rom 12:13; 1Tim 3:2; Titus 1:8; 1Pet 4:9).

 

Faith, truth and love:

The scripture (Mat 6:33) "But seek first the kingdom of God and His righteousness, and all these things will be added to you" added to 3 John 1:3 work together for a life of goodness in Christ. The goodness is consecrated by truth and the truth makes us free. Faith is a consequence of the knowledge of God's truth and  provision; what we hope and believe would realise from our prayers, thoughts and works.

 

The beginning of all truth is with God. Our goodness makes us hospitable toward our families, friends and strangers. Faithfulness is the offspring of goodness and truth. God proved his love for us through Jesus Christ so too we are required to be dependable in our service to those about us. This is the revelation of Christ's love to the world through us (Rom 15:14; Jam 1:18; 3:14;5:19-20; 1Pet 1:22; 2Ti 2:15-18).

 

Looking after servants of God:

We depend on the understanding, sermons, prayers and love of our local ministers. How often do we think of them in our prayers? Is it taken for granted that working for God makes the pastors special and removes them from being human? (Phi 2:13-17;Rom 12:1;2Co 9:12 -15)

 

It is a Christian duty to be hospitable to those who serve the body spiritually. A pastor has a requirement for godliness, faith, love, security, serenity, mercy, tranquillity, and faithfulness from others. Who is a better builder of these than their own congregation? Remember the fitness of the body keeps the head in tact (1Co 12:12; Rom 12:4-21).

Die boek van 3 Johannes

3 Johannes

3Jo 1:1 Die ouderling aan die geliefde Gajus wat ek in waarheid liefhet.  1:2 Geliefde, ek wens dat dit met jou in alles goed mag gaan en dat jy gesond is, soos dit met jou siel goed gaan;  1:3 want ek was baie bly as daar broeders kom en van jou waarheid getuig, soos jy in die waarheid wandel.

1:4 Ek het geen groter blydskap as dit nie, dat ek hoor dat my kinders in die waarheid wandel.   1:5 Geliefde, jy handel getrou in alles wat jy doen vir die broeders, en dit vir vreemdelinge,  1:6 wat van jou liefde voor die gemeente getuig het. Jy sal goed doen as jy hulle voorthelp op ‘n voor God waardige wyse.  1:7 Want vir sy Naam het hulle uitgegaan sonder om iets van die heidene te neem. 1:8 Ons behoort dan sulke mense goed te ontvang, sodat ons mede-arbeiders van die waarheid kan word.

1:9 Ek het aan die gemeente geskrywe, maar Diótrefes, wat onder hulle die eerste wil wees, steur hom nie aan ons nie.  1:10 Daarom, as ek kom, sal ek hom herinner aan die werke wat hy doen deur met slegte woorde teen ons uit te vaar; en hiermee nie tevrede nie, ontvang hy nie alleen self die broeders nie gasvry nie, maar verhinder ook die wat dit wil doen en werp hulle uit die gemeente.  1:11 Geliefde, moenie navolg wat kwaad is nie, maar wat goed is. Hy wat goed doen, is uit God; maar hy wat kwaad doen, het God nie gesien nie.  1:12 Van Demétrius is deur almal getuienis gegee en deur die waarheid self; en ons getuig ook, en julle weet dat ons getuienis waar is.

1:13 Ek het baie dinge gehad om te skrywe, maar ek wil nie met ink en pen aan jou skryf nie.   1:14 Maar ek hoop om jou gou te sien, en ons sal van mond tot mond spreek. (1:15) Vrede vir jou! Die vriende groet jou. Groet die vriende by die naam.

Skriftuurlike inhoud

In Johannes 3 skryf die apostel 'n brief aan sy vriend Gaius in ongeveer 90 NC.  Hy verklaar sy misnoeë met 'n sekere prediker.  Hy moedig welwillendheid en gasvryheid onder die gemeentes aan.

(1:1-3)  Groet

Die skrywer begin met 'n gebed vir sy vriend se gesondheid.  Verder moedig hy sy vriend aan om aan die waarheid vas te hou en gasvry te wees.  Hy verwys na die suiwer leringe van Christus wat deur Gaius nagestreef word.

 

(1:4-8) Wandel in die waarheid

Om in die waarheid te wandel word direk met ons gasvryheid teenoor vreemdelinge verbind.  Die liefde wat ons aan diegene wat ons nie ken nie betoon maak ons waardig ten opsigte van die Koninkryk van God.  'n Evangelis of sendeling is 'n medewerker van die Koninkryk van Christus en moet Christelike gasvryheid ontvang.  Jesus het daarna verwys toe Hy Sy disipels uitgestuur het om die Evangelie te verkondig.  Sy disipels moes goed ontvang en versorg word in die dorpe en huise wat hulle besoek het.  Indien nie het Jesus hulle die reg gegee om sulke plekke te vervloek (Mat 10:14; Mark 6:1; Luk 9:5).

 

(1:9-12)  Besorgdheid oor ketters

Diotrefes het dit nie nodig gevind om gasvry teenoor evangeliste van buite te wees nie.  Hy het selfs kwaad van hulle gepraat.  Johannes beskou hierdie prediker as 'n ketter.  Die skrywer se mening is dat wanneer iemand kwaad doen of praat hy nie van God is nie.  Hy vra dat die gemeentes sal omsien na die sendelinge terwyl hulle van een plek na 'n ander reis.  Deel van 'n Christelike lewe is om om te sien na diegene wat vir 'n beroep, God se werk doen.

 

(1:13-14) Afskeidsgroet

Ten slotte word Gaius gevra om te let op die getuienis van die waarheid.  Omdat daar nog oor baie sake geskryf kan word verkies die skrywer om eerder sy vriend persoonlik te besoek sodat hulle geestelike aspekte kan bespreek.  Hy groet almal wie hy identifiseer.

In ooreenstemming met die daaglikse lewe

 

Gasvryheid :

Dit is maklik en natuurlik om gasvry en vriendelik teenoor 'n bekende te wees.  Baie sien dit as 'n onnodige poging om dieselfde teenoor 'n vreemdeling op te tree.  'n Christen het 'n verantwoordelikheid teenoor sy geliefdes sowel as onbekendes.  Gasvryheid kan met liefdadigheid verbind word.  Om egter vir liefdadigheid te gee kan nie 'n vriendelike glimlag, 'n hartlike verwelkoming of 'n beker koffie vervang nie.  Gasvryheid is 'n Christelike verantwoordelikheid. (Rom 12:13; 1Tim 3:2; Tit 1:8; 1Pet 4:9).

 

Geloof, waarheid en liefde:

Die skrifgedeelte (Mat 6:33) "Maar soek eers die koninkryk van God en Sy geregtigheid, en al hierdie dinge sal vir julle bygevoeg word" saam met 3 Joh 1:3 werk saam vir 'n lewe van goedheid en Christus.  Die goedheid is gekonsentreer in waarheid en die waarheid maak ons vry.  Geloof is die gevolg van God se waarheid en voorsienning:  dit wat ons glo en hoop sal realiseer uit ons gebede gedagtes en werke.

 

God is die begin van alle waarheid.  Dit is die goeie binne ons wat ons gasvry maak teenoor ons families, vriende en onbekendes.  Gelowigheid is 'n uitvloeisel uit goedheid en waarheid.  God voorsien Sy liefde vir ons deur Jesus Christus.  So moet daar op ons ook staat gemaak kan word vir ons diens teenoor diegene om ons.  Dit is die openbaring van Christus se liefde vir die wêreld deur ons (Rom 15:14; Jam 1:18; 3:14;5:19-20; 1Pet 1:22; 2Ti 2:15-18).

 

Versorging van God se dienaars:

Ons is afhanklik van die begrip, boodskappe, gebede en liefde van ons plaaslike predikers.  Hoe dikwels dink ons aan hulle in ons gebede?  Word dit as vanselfsprekend aanvaar dat om vir God te werk, predekers spesiaal maak, en hulle dus nie menslik is nie? (Phi 2:13-17;Rom 12:1;2Co 9:12 -15).

 

Dit is 'n Christen se plig om gasvry te wees teenoor hulle wat geestelike bediening doen.  'n Prediker het 'n behoefte aan goddelikheid, geloof, liefde, sekuriteit, helderheid, genade, kalmte en gelowigheid.  Wie kan beter hieraan bou as hul eie gemeentes?  Onthou:  'n Gesonde liggaam huisves 'n gesonde gees! (1Co 12:12; Rom 12:4-21).

Summary: 3 John 1

Has four main sections: 

  • 3 John (1:1-3)            Salutation

  • 3 John (1:4-8)            Walking in truth

  • 3 John (1:9-12)          Concerns with heretics

  • 3 John (1:13-14)        Farewell and greeting

Bibliography

van Wyk P.L. & Ferguson S.D. 2004. 3 Johannes  weekstudie, vertaling. Pretoria: Image Ministries.

Fosloo, W. & van Rensburg, F.J. 1999. Die Bybelmellenium eenvolumekomentaar. Goodwood: Christelike Uigewersmaatskapy Vereniging.

Die Bybel, 1933. Bybelgenootskap van Suid Afrika: Sewende uitgawe (Naslaan) 1996 (Herset) Tweede druk 1998. Goodwood: Nasionale boekdrukkery

Hayford, J.W. (eds.) 1991. The Spirit Filled Bible. USA: Thomas Nelson inc.

Henry, M. 1706. Matthew Henry's Commentary on the Whole Bible: complete and unabridged in one volume. Twelfth Printing 2001. USA: Hendrickson Publishers.

Jerome, AD 350 - 520. The New Jerome Bible handbook. First published 1992. Norfolk: The Barth Press.

Louw, J.P. & Nida, E.A. (eds) 1993. Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament based on the Semantic domains. Volume 1. Goodwood: Bible Society of South Afrika

Louw, J.P. & Nida, E.A. (eds) 1993. Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament based on the Semantic domains. Volume 2. Goodwood: Bible Society of South Afrika

Strong, J. 2000. The New Strong's Concise dictionary of Bible words. Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers

Deist, F. 1985. A concise dictionary of theological related terms. Hatfield: J.L. van Schaik

Meyers, R. 2000. E-Sword; Equipping Ministries Foundation. USA: E-Sword Bible software. Shareware.

 

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